Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma is a common type of skin cancer which is initially formed in the basal cell layer of the skin. It is mainly caused due to long term exposure of skin to the harsh ultraviolet rays of the sun. Therefore, basal cell carcinoma usually develops on sun-exposed parts of your body, especially your head and neck. It appears as a change in the skin, such as a growth or a sore patch/ ulcer that won’t heal. These changes in the skin (lesions) highlight one of the following symptoms:
The basal cell carcinoma may present in various forms:
- An ulcer which doesn’t heal or bleed. The sore could seem to heal and return.
- A reddish patch that may shrink, itch, or be painful on the face, chest, shoulder, arm or leg.
- A shiny, pearly, pink, reddish white bump or nodule. In dark-faced people, the bump may be tan, black or brown, and it can be confused with a regular mole.
- A little rosy growth with a slightly higher rolled edge and a sharp indentation in the centre, which over time can develop small surface blood vessels.
- A smooth, white, yellow, or waxy, scar-like area. Often it has poorly defined boundaries. The overlying skin looks shiny and tight.
The basal cell carcinoma treatment aims to fully eliminate the cancer. Depending on the form, location and size of your cancer and your willingness to perform follow-up visits, the treatment procedure shall be decided for you. However, the best option is always surgery which completely eliminates the cancer and provides tissue for histopathological examination. We will also be taking into consideration whether the basal cell carcinoma is primary (first time) or recurring. Sometimes resultant surgical defects require reconstruction with flaps.